Phần 2: Các đề luyện tập tham khảo-Practice Test 8

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Time allotted: 60 min. AN Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 1:A. remind B. renew C. prefer D. broaden Question 2:A. responsible B. entertainment C. additional D. authority Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. theme B. bother C. thesis D. thigh Question 4:A. acquires…. B. raises C. amazes D. colleges N SINN Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 5: If rich countries . decrease their consumption of natural resources, there would be more for poorer countries to use. A. must B. can C. could D. would Question 6: When we reached the airport, we found that all the flights ____ due to the storm. A. cancelled .. …. . B. had been cancelled C. have been cancelled D. had cancelled Question 7: This heating system is very ___ _ because it uses lots of energy without heating up the room quickly. A. efficiency B. efficient C. inefficient D. inefficiency Question 8: The tourist is prevented from entering a country if he does not have an) _passport. A. operative B. valid C. efficient .: D. effective Question 9: I like to go to the cinema when I am in the __ for it. 1. A. motive B. mind . C. notion D. mood Question 10: I do have a few suggestions that should improve your presentation, but I think it was an excellent speech. A. in conclusion B. on average C. at first sight . D. on the whole Question 11: She is supposed to be studying for her exam but whenever I go to her room she is the phone chatting to her friends. A. on B. with C. in D. along B mind MARX Question 12: All the roads that led to the town centre were closed the flood so it was only possible to reach the main square on foot. A. because B. because of C. though. D. instead of Question 13: I don’t think the baby dropped it. I think she threw it to the ground on purpose in order to our attention. A. gain . B. understand . C. seize D. notice Question 14: The news emerged yesterday after a meeting between managers and union representatives. A. the B. a C. an D. Ø Question 15: With prices – so much, it’s hard for the company to plan a budget. A. fluctuating B. waving C. swinging D. vibrating Question 16: A major concern among archaeologists today is the preservation of archaeological sites, __ are threatened by development. A. of which many B. many of them C. which many D. many of which Question 17: __ the sails of a distant ship are visible before the body of the ship. A. The curve of the Earth makes B. Because of the curve of the Earth C. Because the curve of the Earth D. The Earth, in that it curves . WA Question 18: to find stars in pairs. A. It is very common B. Being very common C. Very common is D. That is very common Question 19: It is difficult to a conversation with all this noise around us. A. bring up B. account for C. carry on D. get through Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 20: Your plan looks good. I hope it will really work. It’s time to implement it and see if it’s as brilliant as you claim. A. carry out B. take apart C. join in D. put off Question 21: The news story was based on a letter that was a fabrication. Now the reporter who wrote the story is in big trouble. Will anyone believe him again? A. production B. cloth C. truth D. fake Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: In ancient times and throughout the Middle Ages, most people believed that the earth was motionless. A. immobile B. unpopular :: C. moving D. standing Question 23: The boy claimed to be late because the doors of his house were frozen shut. Even though I have my doubts, his explanation is plausible. It got really cold last night. A. lengthy and complicated to B. not believable enough to be true C. not easy to understand D. reasonable and convincing ws Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. Question 24: – “My neighbours have a dog that barks all night.” A. You should talk to them. B. That sounds terrific! C. I don’t think I can make it there. D. But not too often. Question 25: – “Hello, may I talk to the director now?” A. No, you can’t. C. Sorry, you can’t. B. Sorry, he’s busy at the moment. D. I don’t know for now. . Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30. IQ, or Intelligence Quotient, is defined as the ratio of a patron’s mental age to chronological age, with the ratio multiplied by 100 to remove the decimal. Chronological age is (26) determined; mental age is generally measured by some kind of standard test and is not so simple to define. In theory, a standardized IQ test is (27) to measure an individual’s ability to perform intellectual operations such as reasoning and problem solving. These intellectual operations are considered to represent intelligence. (28)__ , it has been impossible to arrive at consensus as to which types of intellectual operations demonstrate intelligence. Furthermore, it has been impossible to devise a test without cultural (29) _ , which is to say that any IQ tests so far proposed have been shown to reflect the culture of the test makers. Test takers from that culture would, it follows, score higher on such a test than test takers from a different culture with (30) ____ intelligence. (TOEFL Reading) Question 26: A. hardly Question 27: A. set up Question 28: A. In theory Question 29: A. favourite Question 30: A. different B. easily B. worked out B. In addition B. desire B. equal C. specifically C. taken off C. In practice C. fairness C. diverse D. basically D. carried on D. In contrast D. bias D. alike WANAWAKE Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35. Genetically modified (GM) crops that exterminate pests feeding on them are no longer uncommon. One of the latest is a strain of corn genetically engineered to disrupt the expression of certain genes in the corn rootworm – a pest that devastates this important crop. This is the first time that the technique known as RNA interference has proven effective through the ingestion of RNA rather than through its injection into pests. Compared to the insect-resistant transgenic plants that produce the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin, the new strain of corn is much more specific in that it targets genes only found in a small number of species. As regards the risk to humans, the companies promoting the new crop make the dubious claim that there is no cause for concern since the RNA is broken down in the normal process of human digestion. At the very least, there is the concern about a repetition of the unpleasant allergic reactions caused by some earlier GM varieties. However, in the sphere of agriculture some experts are concerned that crops like this will show the same diminution in effectiveness observed with earlier Bt varieties. The chances of pests evolving to have a resistance to a toxin are greater when exposure occurs over a wider area for a longer period of time. By contrast, spraying with a pesticide only when absolutely necessary keeps the likelihood of toxinresistant insects evolving down to a minimum. It would also be better for farmers to alternate pest management techniques instead of relying on one supposedly permanent solution. A further consideration is the diversity of the crop strains farmers plant. This suffers when powerful marketing campaigns persuade farmers to grow the same GM crop over huge areas. (…) NUMUNE Question 31: According to the passage, RNA interference A. can prove fatal for an organism B. only occurs in the corn rootworm C. requires the injection of a chemical agent D. is caused by the Bt toxin Question 32: Which of the following does NOT make it more likely for pest populations to develop a resistance to toxins? A. having the toxin permanently present in the crop B. the occasional use of pesticide sprays C. relying on a single pest management technique D. using a pesticide over a wider area Question 33: The toxin in the new strain of GM com todos mora bi t i : A. is known to be effective against a wide range of pests B. is also known as the Bt toxin C. has caused allergic reactions in some humans D. is not destroyed by corn rootworm digestion Question 34: The underlined word “strain” in the passage most probably means A. disease B. type C. number D. gene Question 35: The passage implies that_ A. in some areas the new GM corn is now ineffective B. corn rootworm cannot develop a resistance to RNA interference C. the Bt toxin affects a range of pests D. very few farmers agreed to grow GM crops Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42. With the development of science and technology, most of us will comment: “Life is speeding up. Everyone is getting unwell.” This may sound like something someone would say today. But in fact, an unknown citizen who lived in Rome in 53 AD wrote it. We all love new inventions. They are exciting, amazing and can even change our lives. But have all these developments really improved the quality of our lives? Picture this: you’re rushing to finish your homework on the computer. Your mobile phone rings, a message from your friend appears on the screen, and the noise from the television is getting louder and louder. Suddenly the computer goes blank and you lose all your work. Now you have to stay up all night to get it done. How calm and happy do you feel? SAN www w Inventions have speeded up our lives so much that they often leave us feeling stressed and tired. Why do you think people who live far away from noisy cities, who have no telephones, no cars, even no electricity often seem to be happier? Perhaps because they lead simpler lives. One family in the UK went “back in time” to see what life was like without all the inventions we have today. The grandparents, with their daughter, and grandsons Benjamin, 10, and Thomas, 7, spent nine weeks in a 1940s house. They had no washing machine, no microwave, computer or mobile phones. The grandmother Lynn said, “It was hard physically, but not mentally.” She believed life was less materialistic. “The more things you have, the more difficult life becomes,” she said. The boys said they found less to fight over, such as their computer. Benjamin also noticed that his grandmother had changed from being a “trendy, beer-drinking granny to one who cooked things”. Here are some simple ways to beat the stress often caused by our inventions! • Don’t be available all the time. Turn off your mobile phone at certain times of the day. Don’t check your emails every day. • Make sure you spend some time talking to your family. Set aside one evening a week when you don’t turn on the television. Play cards and chat instead. • Get a low-tech hobby. Every day, do something in the old-fashioned way, such as walking to have a face-to-face meeting instead of using the email or telephone. • Don’t worry too much about life – laugh more! ( wwwwwww wwwwwww w WA Question 36: The writer uses the quote at the beginning of the story to A. point out that you experience some big problems B. tell us what life was like long time ago C. make us wonder the causes of problems D. share a truth about life M AI Question 37: The underlined word “they” in the passage refers to A. inventions B. our lives C. people D. noisy cities Question 38: Why did the family choose to spend some time in a 1940s house? A. Because they were curious about how people lived without modern inventions. B. Because they liked to live simple lives. C. Because they were troubled by modern inventions D. Because living in a different time would be a lot of fun for them. Question 39. What does the underlined word “available” in the passage probably mean? A. very busy online B. having nothing to do C. able to move D. found by others Question 40: The writer may support that A. you ring back your boss immediately when you get home and see his message to you B. you take your iphone and laptop and power them all the time while traveling C. you find fun in some exercise like hiking and jogging instead of chatting on the Internet D. you should check your mail account as frequently as you can Question 41: Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage? A. People who live far away from noisy cities often seem to be happier. B. An unknown Roman was sure that the quality of life would get better. C. The family had some changes when they lived in a 1940s house. D. With the improvement of our lives, we often feel stressed and tired. Question 42: The passage is mainly about A. the important roles technology plays in our life B. improvements of our life with technology C. some problems with technology D. major changes to happen to technology wwwwwwwwwwww : : Morogy Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 43: Venus, the second planet from the Sun, is exactly almost the same А. size as the Earth B Question 44: The process of fermentation takes place only in the absent of oxygen. A Bc Question 45: After to take the medication, the patient became drowsy and more ant became drowsy and me MARRON manageable. wwww Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 46: Please don’t ask her to the party. A. I would sooner you hadn’t asked her to the party. B. I would rather you didn’t invite her to the party. C. Please don’t ask her anything about the party. D. You already asked her to the party, didn’t you? ASCHMUAR Question 47: Few other paintings in the world are as famous as the Mona Lisa. A. Quite a few paintings throughout the world are equally well-known as the Mona Lisa. B. There are more famous paintings in the world than the Mona Lisa, but not many. C. A few other paintings in the world are more famous than the Mona Lisa. D. There is hardly another painting in the world like the Mona Lisa. Question 48: I have to say that I have never been as comfortable as my brother when telling people what I think. A. I have noticed that my brother has never been comfortable when telling people what he thinks. B. Both my brother and I are comfortable with frankly telling people what they need to know. C. My brother is less comfortable than me in expressing himself and saying what he feels. D. My brother has always been more comfortable than me telling people what he thinks about them. W www MINNA Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 49: Hemingway worked as a driver on the Italian Front. There he was badly wounded. A. Hemingway worked on the Italian Front where a driver was badly wounded. B. Hemingway was wounded when he wanted to become a driver on the Italian Front. C. Hemingway was badly wounded on way to the Italian Front to work as a driver. D. Hemingway worked as a driver on the Italian Front, where he was badly wounded. Question 50: The car swerved to miss the little girl. The girl had slipped off the pavement. A. The car swerved to miss the little girl, whom had slipped off the pavement. B. The car swerved to miss the little girl, who had slipped off the pavement. C. The car swerved to miss the little girl, slipping off the pavement. D. The girl who had slipped off the pavement made the car swerve. Đáp án 8.B 18.C 28. D 38. D 48. A 8. C 18. 28. A 38. B 48. C 8.B 18. A 28. A 38. B 48. D 8.D 18.B 28.D 38. B 48. A 8. C 18. A 28. D 38. B 48. D 8.D 18. B 28. B 38. A 48. A 8.B 18.D 28. B 38. B 48. C 8.B 18. A 28.C 38. A 48. D 8.D 18. A 28.B 38.B 48.B