Phần 2: Các đề luyện tập tham khảo-Practice Test 7

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Time allotted: 60 min. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 1:A. maximum B. childbearing C. pagoda D. immigrant Question 2:A. implement B. windowpane C. stimulate D. determine Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. blamed B. sacrificed C. accompanied D. contained Question 4:A. contact B. consult C. conviction D. convenience 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 5: By the time I arrived at the cinema, there were no tickets left. They out. A. were selling B. were sold C. had sold D. had been sold Question 6: I couldn’t resist another slice of cake even though I was supposed to be losing weight. A. having B. have C. to have D. being had Question 7: If a bar magnet is the two pieces form two complete magnets, each with a north and south pole. A. broken B. broke C. breaking D. break Question 8: The forest fire was started by a group of_ _teenagers who lit a camp fire in the night A. careful B. careless C. caring D. cared Question 9: We haven’t _ our uncle for three months. He is not much of a letter writer. A. seen to B. written to : C. heard from D.faced up Question 10: __ _ the morning news, many houses on the island were destroyed. A. According to B. In addition to C. In contrast to D. In spite of Question 11: I deposited some money every month and up enough to go on vacation. A. made B. saved . C. kept . D. held Question 12: If you book in advance, you will __ _ certainly have a better table at our restaurant. A. mostly B. most D. the most Question 13: Come what – , we’re not going to make any concessions to his unreasonable demands. A. must B. should C. can D. may Question 14: The managing director took the __for the accident, although it was not really his fault. A. guilt B. charge C. blame. D. accusation Question 15: The engineers are going through with their highway project, the expenses have risen. A. just because B. even though… C. now that. D. as though Question 16: Future homes will be located in all locations on Earth plus beyond atmosphere as well. A. the B. а D. 8 Question 17: Daniel Webster, Thaddeus Stevens, and many others prominent in public life began their careers by teaching school. A. they became B. once they became C. became D. who became Question 18: Robert did not hear the bell because he was completely. in his reading. A. received B. suspended : C. confirmed D. absorbed Question 19: _ is not yet clear to researchers. A. Why did dinosaurs become extinct B. Why dinosaurs became extinct C. Did dinosaurs become extinct D. Dinosaurs became extinct C. an Question 21: Although we don’t know what will happen with computer crime in the future, we can imagine a few different scenarios. A. computer criminals B. possible situations C. new types of technology . D. unexpected events Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: In many countries in the world now, the search for a vaccine for Covid-19 is taking priority over all other medical research. A. less important thing B. difficult question to answer C. big problem to solve D. more significant than others Question 23: She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphans. A. divorced B. single C. separated D. married Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. Question 24: Tom: “_ Frankie: “Certainly.” A. Welcome back! B. May I borrow a pen, please? C. I’m sorry I am late. D. What are you doing there? Question 25: Student: “Sir, do you approve of celebrating Mother’s Day annually at our school?” Teacher: “Oh, great! __” A. Absolutely amazing! B. How terrific! C. I’m really displeased. D. I’m very much in favour of that. wwww w Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30. Twenty-second century city life WA More and more people are attracted by the bright city lights and life in the fast lane. But what will cities be like in the next century? Also, how can we prevent them turning (26) __impersonal concrete jungles? The population of big cities worldwide is predicted to increase (27)_ over the next century. Have you ever wondered how this will affect urban life? For a start, 12.. ex more housing will be needed and amenities like schools and hospitals will have to (28)_._ larger populations. As you can imagine, the biggest challenge will be to make our cities liveable. Building suitable housing in the suburbs and providing quick and (29) __ transport systems into cities is one way to ensure inner cities don’t become too crowded. Also, green roofs should be made compulsory on all city centre buildings. Just think of the benefits to the (30) if concrete buildings become living, breathing constructions! Twenty-second century cities are sure to be busy places. Let’s hope they become bustling urban centres and not concrete jungles. (City Living – Close-up, Second Edition) .. . … B. with NAMIN www. Question 26: A. for Question 27: A. severely Question 28: A. give to Question 29: A. efficient Question 30: A. situation B. certainly B. cater for B. capable B. setting C. to C. increasingly C. provide with C. competent C. environment D. into D. dramatically D. offer to D. able D. location KW. ATAKA . WR Aw Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35. Two Christmas traditions have come under attack in recent years from environmentalists: Christmas cards and Christmas trees. Paper cards are seen as wasteful and, for some people, going card-free is another way of going green. They also argue that in a world of e-mail, Skype, Facebook and Twitter, people are in touch all the time anyway; they no longer need the yearly card that connects them with long lost friends. If you want to send Christmas greetings, there are free e-cards, which get the job done with no postage or wasted paper. However, especially for people who didn’t grow up with e-mail, there is something missing from a Christmas e-mail. The first Christmas cards appeared in London in 1843. They rose in popularity throughout the 20th century. Many people sent cards that were sold for charity. The most famous of these are the ones sold for UNICEF. In the UK, in the three weeks before Christmas, the post office expects to handle 100 million cards every day. Environmental awareness also means that nowadays many people recycle their cards; this helps raise money to plant more trees, and recreate more paper. When we think of trees at Christmas, there is one that immediately springs mind – the evergreen tree that people decorate with ornaments and place their presents under. The custom dates back almost a thousand years to Germany. Nowadays 33 to 36 million Christmas trees are produced in America and 50 to 60 million in Europe WWW WW Www SW DS24499 HA Awboy honor . each year. Some trees are sold live with roots and soil so people can plant them later and reuse them next year. Some people prefer artificial trees as they are reusable and much cheaper than their natural alternative. However, environmentalists point out that they are made from petroleum products and so raise many pollution issues. ( > view) Question 31: What is the main idea of the article? A. To introduce the history of two typical Christmas traditions. B. To explain the debate about some Christmas traditions. C. To analyze how two Christmas traditions grew in popularity. D. To point out the problems caused by celebrating Christmas. Question 32: The underlined word “They” in the passage refers to A. E-mails B. Christmas e-mails C. Christmas cards D. Many people Question 33: Some people suggest getting rid of paper cards because _ A. they cannot be recycled B. they are not environmentally friendly C. they are mostly sold for charity D. they are not better than e-cards Question 34: Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article? A. Some people prefer to buy live trees that can be reused next year. B. The custom of decorating Christmas trees first appeared in Britain. C. There is always a wider Christmas tree market in America than in Europe. D. Artificial trees are better than natural ones in all aspects. Question 35: What can we conclude from the article? . A. The first Christmas cards were designed in the 20th century. B. It is expected that there will be a dramatic drop in Christmas card sales. C. Environmentalists advise people to buy cards that are sold for charity. D. Growing environmental awareness is encouraging people to recycle their cards. wwwwwww w www Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42. The atmosphere is a mixture of several gases. There are about ten chemical elements which remain permanently in gaseous form in the atmosphere under natural conditions. Of these permanent gases, oxygen makes up about 21% and nitrogen about 78%. Several other gases, such as argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, neon, krypton, and xenon, comprise the remaining 1% of the volume of dry air. The amount WW. of water vapour, and its variations in amount and distribution, are of extraordinary importance in weather changes. Atmospheric gases hold in suspension great quantities of dust, pollen, smoke, and other impurities which are always present in considerable, but variable amount. The layer of the air next to the earth, which extends upward for about 16 km, is known as the troposphere. On the whole, it makes up about 75% of all the weight of the atmosphere. It is the warmest part of the atmosphere because most of the solar radiation is absorbed by the earth’s surface, which warms the air immediately surrounding it. A steady decrease of temperature with increasing elevation is a most striking characteristic. The upper layers are colder because of their great distance from the earth’s surface and rapid radiation of heat into space. The temperatures within the troposphere decrease about 3.50 per 1,000 feet increase in altitude. Within the troposphere, winds and air currents distribute heat and moisture. Strong winds, called jet streams, are located at the upper levels of the troposphere. These jet streams are both complex and widespread in occurrence. They normally show a wave-shaped pattern and move from west to east at velocities of 240 kmph, but velocities as high as 640 kmph have also been noted. The influences of changing locations and strengths of jet streams upon weather conditions and patterns are no doubt considerable. Above the troposphere to a height of about 80 km is a zone called the stratosphere. The stratosphere is separated from the troposphere by a zone of uniform temperatures called the tropopause. Within the lower portions of the stratosphere is layer of ozone gases which filters out most of the ultraviolet rays from the sun. The ozone layer varies with air pressure. If this zone were not there, the full blast of the sun’s ultraviolet light would burn our skins, blind our eyes, and eventually result in our destruction. Within the stratosphere, the temperature and atmosphere composition are relatively uniform. The layer upward of about 80 km is the most fascinating but the least known of these three strata. It is called ionosphere because it consists of electrically charged particles called ions, thrown from the sun. Its effect upon weather conditions, if any, is as yet unknown. ( > Previous Papers) Question 36: The underlined word “which” in the passage refers to A. layer of air B. the earth C. 16 km D. the troposphere Question 37: The troposphere is the warmest part of the atmosphere because it A. radiates heat into space B. is warmed by the earth’s heat C. has air currents that distribute the heat D. contains jet streams TWA?? S Question 38: It can be inferred from the passage that at the top of a location which is above 16,000 feet above a town, the temperature is usually A. warmer than that in the town B. about 56° colder than that on the ground C. affected by the ionosphere D. not observed and given by scientists Question 39: The underlined word “uniform” in the passage most probably means WARNIN A. clothing. B. covering C. changeable : D. similar Question 40: Life, as we know, exists on the earth because the atmosphere A. is warmest at the bottom B. carries the ultraviolet rays of the sur C. contains a layer of ozone gases D. contains a lot of water vapours Question 41: This passage does not provide information about the A. effect of refrigerants on ozone depletion B. amount of oxygen in the atmosphere C. presence of considerable impurities in the atmosphere D. presence of permanent gases in the atmosphere Question 42: Which of the following questions is answered on the basis of information contained in the passage? A. How does the weather change in four seasons? B. What is the range of temperatures around the world? C. How do the troposphere and the stratosphere differ? D. How does the ionosphere affect the weather? WWWWWWWWWW Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 43: Dreams are commonly made up of either visual and verbal images. в с D Question 44: However all the land in the world were put together, its total area would А – AXOMORAVSHOW still be less than the area of the Pacific Ocean. D Question 45: Since infection can cause both fever as well as pain, it is a good idea to А wwwwwww . c – check a patient’s temperature. KUNAV Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 46: If we had had some wood, we could have lit a fire. A. We don’t have any wood, so we can’t light a fire. B. We didn’t have any wood, so we couldn’t light a fire. C. We didn’t light a fire though we had some wood. D. We wish we had some wood, so we could light a fire. Question 47: He advised his sons not to quarrel amongst themselves when he died, but to remain united. A. “You are to quarrel among yourselves when I die, but remain united.” B. “When I die, you should remain united in order to quarrel among yourselves.” C. “You should not quarrel among yourselves when I die, but you should remain united.” D. “Don’t you quarrel among yourselves when I die, and don’t you remain united?” Question 48: Stephens has to retake his driving test. He only failed because of a few minor points. A. Stephens has to retake his driving test, for he only failed because of a few minor points. B. Having to retake his driving test, Stephens only failed because of a few minor points. C. Stephens has to retake his driving test even though he only failed because of a few minor points. D. Stephens failed because of a few minor points, although he has to retake his driving test. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 49: Junk food is convenient. It is believed to cause obesity. A. Junk food, which is convenient, is believed to cause obesity. B. It is believed that junk food is convenient, and it causes obesity. C. Junk food, that is convenient, is believed to cause obesity. D. Obesity is caused by junk food which is believed to be convenient. Question 50: I felt confused when I sank into the water. Nothing can describe that confusion. A. Feeling confused when I sank into the water, nothing can describe that confusion. B. Because I felt confused when I sank into the water, nothing can describe that confusion. C. Nothing can describe that confusion, so I felt confused when I sank into the water. D. Nothing can describe the confusion of thought which I felt when I sank into the water. VW wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww w w wwww wwwwwwwwww Đáp án 7.A 17.A 27. A 37. 47.B 7.B 17.B 27.C 37.B 47. D 7.0 17.D 27. A 37. A 47. 7.0 17.C 27. B 37. A 47. D 7.0 17.B 27.A 37. D 47. 7.A 17. A 27.C 37. B 47. B 7.A 17.D 27.D 37. B 47.C 7.0 17.B 27. A 37. A 47. A 7.A 17. A 27. A 37.0 47.B