Phần 2: Các đề luyện tập tham khảo-Practice Test 19

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Time allotted: 60 min. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 1: A. balance B. disturb C. traffic D. lecture Question 2: A. assignment B. scholarship C. habitat D. subsequent Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. colleague B. danger C. genius . D. emerge Question 4: A. navigate. B. activate C. adequate D. barista M Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 5: It is inappropriate to discriminate against children _their gender. A. because of B. because C. since D. although Question 6: she arrives on time, we will not be able to depart. A. If . B. Should C. But D. Unless Question 7: The teacher suggested that the students _ the lessons carefully for their upcoming exam. A. revised B. revise C. to revise D. revising Question 8: Parents should be respectful when __ any areas of disagreement with their children. A. discussing B. resisting C. fighting D. competing Question 9: The series of TV programmes that already ended last month not very interesting for children. A. were B. are D. is Question 10: The school announced that the ___fee would go up next year, so the new students would pay more to enroll the school. A. excavation B. recognition C. admission D. exhibition Question 11: She arrives at work ___ than anyone else. A. early B. earliest C. as early D. earlier Question 12: In the time of pandemic this year, we _many advances in technology. A. had seen B. have seen C. saw . D. see . Question 13: Vietnam’s government is calling on the people’s __ to combat Covid-19. A. challenges B. supports , C. conditions D. deals Question 14: The church is still used for _-_ by the Christian in Wales on Sunday mornings. A. progress B. religion C. worship D. extension Question 15: He was still . . I couldn’t imagine how he would pay the bills. . A. employing B. unemployed C. employment D. employee Question 16: I think he _ the roof, he has gone red. A. kicks . B. hits C. takes … D. touches Question 17: The next-door children made too much __ _, so I could not fall asleep. A. effort B. suggestion C. progress D. noise Question 18: You should ask several peer reviewers to those documents that you plan on sending to employers. A. look over B. put on C. turn on D. call off Question 19: If only I sick yesterday, I could have attended the meeting. A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. wasn’t D. haven’t been WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWW .. .–. . -….. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 20: The tedious speech made everyone at Times Square sleepy. A. frightening B. boring C. rewarding D. popular Question 21: To learn techniques of grafting trees, the students shadow the teacher steps by steps. A. follow B. search C. protect D. shelter WWW Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: Sumatran elephants would have been extinct but for the new elephant management and protection policy. A. isolated B. exposed C. existent D. thriving WW Question 23: A large international meeting was held with the aim of promoting sustainable development plans which help countries meet their development goals while simultaneously preserving natural systems. A. harsh B. subsequent C. foregoing . D. transient Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. Question 24: – “Would you like to go to the prom with me?” . W WWWWWWWWWWWAAAAAANW A. Congratulations! .. . B. You’re welcome. C. That would be great! D. Don’t mention it. Question 25: – “Could you show me the way to the nearest post office?” : A. It’s over there. C. What a pity. .: … B. Sounds great. D. Yes, I could. : – – .. .. . Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30. Before reading a passage, it’s helpful for students to first skim the text quickly to get a general idea of what it’s about. Many reading comprehension activities ask students to match a word from a passage (26)__ a synonym. If students are uncertain which answer choice is best, they can look at all of the answers given and ask themselves whether there are any answers that can be (27) – right away. –.. —- .. . .::. . Sometimes to practice, teachers give students a limited time to read and see what they can (28) . Having a time pressure mimics what they will experience when taking an exam (29). it helps them to prepare for that. It can also be helpful to scan the article for key words that help students understand the content quickly. In class, reading can be a (30) activity so students should not read every word but to scan for the key ideas. While reading, they should circle the key words in their books. La . .. WWW Question 26: A. for 5* Question 27: A. eliminating Question 28: A. come out Question 29: A. because B. with B. elimination B. put up C. by: C. eliminated C. lift up C. although C. timed D. along D. eliminator D. pick up D. as long as D. physical cup B. SO . Question 30: A. regular B. calming Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35. Dreaming, a popular activity not merely for humans, really does help us process our memories and come to terms with our daily lives. That might sound uncontroversial but we have never had clear evidence that this is the case – until now. Research on dreaming can raise the prospect of hacking our dreams to boost learning, memory and emotional well-being. A team of researchers have found that the emotional strength of the experiences we have when we are awake is linked to the content of our dreams, and the intensity of our dreaming brainwaves. The team asked 20 volunteer students to keep detailed diary of their daily lives for 10 days, logging the main things they had done, any personally significant events that had taken place, and any major concerns or worries they had had. Where appropriate, the students noted any accompanying emotion, and scored it for intensity. On the evening of the tenth day, the volunteers slept in the team’s dream lab while wearing an EEG cap that measured their brainwaves. Each person was woken during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and if they had been dreaming, a report of the dream was recorded. The team then compared the content of such dreams with the daily logs, looking for links. An additional result of the research is that events that had a higher emotional impact were more likely to become incorporated into a person’s dreams than blander, more neutral experiences. Together, these findings suggest that the most intense dreaming activity occurs when our brains are working hard to process recent, emotionally powerful experiences. If dreams do act as a sort of overnight therapy to soothe the emotional impact of our experiences, it raises the prospect of manipulating our sleeping brains to improve this process. .. WW WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWW Question 31: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about dreaming? A. Studying about dreams helps us improve our daily lives. B. It is a common knowledge that dreams relate to our memories. C. Persuasive evidence about dreams and memories has recently been confirmed. D. No other species but human beings dream when they are sleeping. Question 32: The result of the research shows that A. the more unforgettable our daily events are, the more powerful our dreams will be B. if we work hard during the day, there are more chances that we will have strange dreams C. the intensity of our brainwaves can tell us about the content of our dreams D. those who move their eyes rapidly when sleeping have more dreams than others Question 33: The word “logging” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to A. speaking about B. writing down C. taking part in D. stopping Question 34: The word “it” in paragraph 3 refers to A. diary . B. emotion C. event D. concern Question 35: Which of the following is the most suitable title for the passage? A. The impact of dreams on emotional events B. How to make dreams improve your life . C. The link between awake experiences and dreams D. Knowing more about dreams AWWWWWW WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWW Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42. Research has shown that curiosity is just as important as intelligence in determining how well students do in school. Curiosity also allows us to embrace unfamiliar circumstances, brings excitement into our lives, and opens up new possibilities. Being curious requires us to be both humble enough to know we don’t have all the answers, and confident enough to admit it. Asking the questions that help us bridge the gap between what we already know and what we’d like to know can lead us to make unexpected discoveries. In science, basic curiosity-driven research – conducted without pressure to produce immediate practical results – can have unexpected and incredibly important benefits. When we become curious, our brains release a chemical called dopamine, which makes the process of learning more pleasurable and improves memory. It is still not known why learning gives us such pleasure, but one theory is that we may have developed a basic need to fight uncertainty – the more we understand about the world around us, the more likely we are to survive its many dangers! However, curiosity is currently under threat like never before – and perhaps the biggest threat comes from technology. On one level, this is because technology has become so sophisticated that many of us are unable to think too deeply about how exactly things work anymore. While it may be possible for a curious teenager to take a toaster apart and get some sense of how it works, how much do you understand about what happens when you type a website address into a browser? In addition to this, there’s the fact that we all now connect so deeply with technology, particularly with our phones. The more we stare at our screens, the less we talk to other people directly. To make matters worse, all too often we accept the images of people that social media provides us with, and then feel we know enough about a person not to need to engage further with them. The final – and perhaps most worrying – way in which technology stops us from asking more has to do with algorithms, the processes followed by computers. As we increasingly get our news via social media, algorithms find out what we like and push more of the same back to us, meaning that we end up inside our own little bubbles, no longer coming across ideas that challenge our pre-existing beliefs. (adapted from Dellar and Walkley, 2018) : : : : Question 36: Which of the following is NOT a benefit of being curious? A. It makes our lives more inspiring. B. It creates motivations in learning. C. It removes all pressure in lives. D. It produces meaningful outcomes. Question 37: The word “uncertainty” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to A. changeability B. reliability C. confidence D. battle Question 38: According to the passage, technology A. is becoming too sophisticated to apply B. helps us understand more about people C. creates more negative virtual images D. prevents us from socializing with others Question 39: The word “them” in paragraph 4 refers to A. images B. people C. social media D. phones Question 40: Algorithms __ A. raises more awareness about our bias against the world B. generates a world of our own interests C. stops us from worrying about our computer skills D. challenges our beliefs in the pre-existing world Question 41: Which of the following sentences best summarizes the main point of the passage? A. Technology can help us become more curious, but it can also kill our curiosity. . B. It’s more important than ever to make sure kids learn to be curious. C. Social media doesn’t help us know people better. D. We run the risk of becoming less curious if we’re not careful. Question 42: Which of the following statements do you think the writer would likely agree with? A. Those who fund scientific research should always demand clear workable outcomes. B. People should always share ideas with like-minded others to exploit our strengths. C. One of humans’ basic instincts is asking questions. D. You can get a full picture of people from the way they present themselves online. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 43: There was a bee flying around in his car, so he went off the road to avoid colliding to another car. C D Question 44: A much smaller, more traditional bridge sits on the placid surface of A в the Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam. с Question 45: My art interests are extremely varied and would probably be even A B broader if only I had had more time. . .. . AN Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to the original sentence in each of the following questions. Question 46: Lili has already broken three appointments, so she hopes to keep one this time. A. Lili hopes this time she can keep her appointment so that she will break three appointments. B. Lili hopes this time she can keep her appointment because she has broken three appointments. C. Because Lili has broken three appointments, she will not hope to keep one this time. D. Lili’s hopes this time she will break three appointments Question 47: “Please help me clean the upstairs windows, Ron.” Kiara. A. Kiara ordered Ron to clean the upstairs windows. B. Kiara warned Ron that he should clean the upstairs windows. C. Kiara asked Ron to help her clean the upstairs windows. D. Kiara encouraged Ron to clean the upstairs windows Question 48: She came into the room while they were playing chess. A. They had been playing chess before she came into the room. B. She had come into the room before they played chess. C. When she came into the room, they started to play chess. D. She would come into the room if they played chess. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 49: Dr Robert’s handwriting is terrible. The patients cannot read his prescriptions. A. The patients cannot read his prescriptions, so that Dr. Robert’s handwriting is terrible. B. Dr. Robert’s handwriting is so terrible that the patients cannot read his prescriptions. C. Since the patients cannot read his prescriptions, Dr. Robert’s handwriting is terrible. D. Dr. Robert’s handwriting is terrible as a result of the patients’ inability to read his prescriptions. Question 50: The clients complained about the noise from the air conditioners. The company bought new air conditioners. A. Unless the clients complained about the noise from the air conditioners, the company would buy the new ones. B. If the clients hadn’t complained about the noise from the air conditioners, the company wouldn’t have bought the new ones. C. If the clients complained about the noise from the air conditioners, the company wouldn’t buy the new ones. D. If the clients complained about the noise from the air conditioners, the company would have bought the new ones. Đáp án 1.B 11.D 21.A 31.0 41.D 2.A 12.B 22.C 32.A 42. C 3. A 13. B 23. D 33. B 43. D 4.D 14.C 24. 34. B 44. C 5.A 15.B 25. A 35. 45. D 6.D 16.B 26. B 36. 46.B 7.B 17.D 27. 37. A 47.C 8.A 18. A 28. D 38. D 48. A 9.C 10.C 19.B 20. B! 29. B 30.C 39.B 40.B 49. B 50. B