Time allotted: 60 min.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 1: A. balance B. almost C. reason D. conduct Question 2:A. evidence B. handicap C. another D. permanent
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. circulate B. cucumber C. composer D. connection Question 4:A. continue B. clue
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. I . Question 5: The company decided to give a promotion to Mary, department performed the greatest last year. A. which B. whose
C. what i D. that Question 6: _ Bannister’s record has been broken many times, his achievement will never be forgotten.
A. Because B. In spite of C. However D. Although Question 7: I thought there is at least traffic in Hanoi as in my home town. A. three times as much
B. as three times much C. the three times as much
D. three as much times Question 8: Before the computer could be repaired, a special part had Germany. A. to import
B. been imported C. been importing
D. to be imported Question 9: If |_ , I would be able to go for a swim now.
A. did not left B. hasn’t left C. hadn’t been left D. hadn’t left Question 10: If the students want to know the answers to these questions, they shall have to look at the at the back of the book. A, index B. key C. table
Question 11: Her mother said she left home at 7.00, she is supposed
now. A. arrive B. arriving C. to arrive
D. arrives Question 12: We _ helped you even if we had wanted to because we had no idea how to do it.
A. may not have B. shouldn’t C. should have D. couldn’t have Question 13: Vitamin A is good _._healthy vision, skin, bones and other tissues and is found in carrot, broccoli and squash. A. to B. of C. for
D. on Question 14: You’ve made a very _ decision that anyone else would have done the same thing in that context. A. sensible B. sensitive
D. sense Question 15: The only problem about sitting here in the evening is that you are likely to be_ by mosquitoes. A. picked B. murdered . C. bitten
* D. pricked Question 16: In the United States, alcohol under the age of 21 is considered underage drinking and is strictly against the law. A. producing B. consuming C. preparing
D. examining Question 17: The brisket was so lovely. Would you mind letting me have the or this is a family secret?
A. ingredient B. course : C. prescription : D. recipe Question 18: As my exam is next week, I will try to make use of the day off to some reading.
A. keep up on B. catch up on C. go up on D. study up on Question 19: No sooner than the thief fled. A. had I opened the door
B. have I opened the door C. was the door opened
D. has the door been opened
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 20: It is estimated that coffee is the most consumed beverage in the world. According to the U.S. National Coffee Association, one coffee shop can sell roughly 200-300 cups a day. A. plant B. seed C. bean
D. drink Question 21: When she showed her excellent academic report to the class, we were all green with envy. A. envious B. happy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: Before the exam, I had been told the instructions were easy, but in fact, I found them extremely complicated. A. manageable B. difficult
C. demanding : D. precise Question 23: The storm that hit Viet Nam this year had a catastrophic effect on several provinces including Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Thua Thien – Hue. A. serious B. unlucky
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges, Question 24: – “Can you pass me the pen over there?”
B. I don’t know. C. Don’t worry about it.
D. I’m not in the mood. Question 25: – “Let me go and buy you some coffee, Dad?”
A. No problem. C. You can buy it.
B. All right. D. Right you are.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.
Rising sea temperatures are causing hurricanes to stay for longer, researchers have found, with the average North Atlantic hurricane now taking 33 hours to weaken, compared with 17 hours around 50 years ago.
A group of scientists studied data from North Atlantic hurricanes from 1967 to 2018. They found that 50 years ago, hurricanes would weaken by around 75 per cent in the first day after they reached land. They now only weaken by around 50 per cent after landing, meaning hurricanes today are twice as (26) and last twice as long.
“Hurricanes will decay at slower rates as the oceans keep warming,” says Pinaki Chakraborty, a member of the research group. Hurricanes (27)_ moisture from the sea to power their high winds and rain, but once they reach land, it is more difficult for them to replenish. “We show that moisture is a (28) _player in the dynamics of hurricanes past landfall,” says Chakraborty.
Rising sea temperatures provide hurricanes with more moisture to develop quicker, fuel them further on land without them (29)__ and produce higher rainfall. Climate change will (30)__ make storms more common, and slowermoving hurricanes will cause more damage.
(adapted from newscientist.com)
Question 26: A. intense Question 27: A. bring up Question 28: A. confident Question 29: A. to decay. Question 30: A. in doubt
B. serious B. pull in B. governing B. decaying B. no doubt
C. angry . D. emotional . C. draw in D. catch up
C. positive D. dominant C. decayed . D. decay C. beyond doubt D. doubtingly
MANAVAROVANO KUWA WANAWAW
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.
Wildfires have swept across the West Coast of America this year with devastating consequences. Burning millions of acres of land in their wake, the fires have not just done great harm to forest, but could have a long-lasting impact on numerous wildlife species too.
The biggest effect wildfires have on wildlife habitats is by altering the three key things that animals need to survive: food, water, and shelter.
“Tender understory plants and shrubs that provide food are lost, and this loss often results in wildlife moving away to areas where food, water, and shelter are more readily available,” Yvonne Barkley, a researcher at the University of Idaho
“When large animal mortality does occur, it is usually from smoke inhalation in very large, very fast-moving fires,” she added. “Wildfires burning during the nesting season are most damaging.”
Small mammals and many birds leave their habitat, while reptiles can avoid the direct effect by burrowing into the soil. It’s the larger animals with limited mobility that live above ground who are most vulnerable to fire-caused injury and death.
Fish and other aquatic organisms can find themselves without any livable habitat at all, as runoff from fires impact water chemistry, rendering lakes and ponds unlivable. Fish moving away or even dying off following fires are not uncommon.
According to the Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife (ODFW), it is too early to say just how this year’s 17 fires in the state will have impacted fish and wildlife populations. One blaze alone – the Lionshead Fire – burned more than 200,000 acres, and some fires continue to burn. “ODFW will be assessing the impact in the coming week, and it will be lessened by immediate actions” a statement from the department said.
(adapted from discovery.com)
Question 31: The word “altering” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to A. changing B. creating
D. keeping Question 32: During wildfires, the animals which are mostly affected are A. birds
B. small mammals C. reptiles . D. large animals Question 33: Which of the following is the major cause of the dying out of fish? A. their limited mobility
B. polluted water C. fire-caused injury
D. water drain : Question 34: The direct consequence of the loss of understory plants is _ A. smoke inhalation
B. failed nesting season C. food shortage
D. fast-moving fires Question 35: The word “it” in paragraph 6 refers to A. the blaze B. the impact
C. the coming week D. ODFW
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
The term “science communication” is not universal. For 50 years, what is called “science communication” has had different names such as “public understanding” or “popular science”. Each name defines how science and society link with each other. Is science a part of society? Is it held in high esteem?
In the UK, in 1985, the Royal Society’s Report argued that scientists should consider it their duty to communicate their work to the citizens. In general, there is always an expectation that researchers will contribute to the development of society. In other words, science is for the public good. An established principle across Europe is an expectation or obligation that researchers will contribute to the growth, welfare and development of society. Universities are expected to exchange knowledge and skills with others in society and encouraging public debate. Medical doctors explain the situations to patients in simple languages that people with a non-scientific background can understand. A physicist should not serve a bunch of difficult questions to the audience. Instead, she should explain in human language, for example what gravity is about, what a black hole is…. All examples of science communication leave the audience with a sense of inclusion to the scientific community and not exclusion from it, similar to how a patient ideally should feel when leaving the medical doctor’s office.
A science communicator is someone who bridges the gap between the science and the public. They can be active scientists who engage in science communication additionally to their research and the active communicators, who are not researchers but have a background in science and spend their time explaining to the public. Both groups play an important role in science communication. Especially at this present
time it’s challenging to be a science communicator. The current pandemic, climate crisis, and concerns over artificial intelligence demand public accountability, clear discussion and the ability to agree and disagree in public. Additionally, the increased online commercial focus to appeal to our emotions in order to get votes or sell a product makes it more important than ever before to communicate enthusiastically and openly about science. Without effective communication, government will slowly but surely shut down public research institutions. And nobody wants a science institution to do research on, let say, obesity if it is funded by the pharmaceutical industry.
(adapted from theconversation.com and thesciencebasement.org)
Question 36: According to the passage, science communication can be understood
A. the opportunity for fellow citizens to do research
B. the ability to explain science to normal people C. the demand to exchange studies’ results among researchers D. the fund the government give to research institutions
Question 37: Which of the following is NOT an example of science communication?
A. Science contributes to the development of the society. B. Doctors help patients to understand their conditions and treatments. C. Physicians discuss profound topics with each other.
D. Teachers teach their students about how black holes are formed. Question 38: According to the passage, the absence of __ won’t make one a science communicator. A. simplified language
B. government C. commercial
D. artificial intelligence Question 39: The word “it” in paragraph 1 refers to A. name
B. society C. science
D. science communication : Question 40: The word “engage in” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to A. study about B. participate in C. pass over
D. be scared of
ΤΗ Η Question 41: What is a reason why nowadays science communicators are more important?
A. The government is closing research institutions, B. Research are going to be funded by companies.
. C. People like to make emotional based decisions.. .
D. We need to make decisions based on science. Question 42: Which of the following is the most suitable title of the passage?
A. The rising importance of science communication B. Different ways to communicate science C. The definitions of science communication D. Emotion-based decisions vs. Science-based decisions
RANOMNOM COMORROWNINA WAAMBIRAKAS
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 43: There are three types of disabilities: mental, intellectual and physical
A B disability. Question 44: The UN has destroyed an Iraqi factory which claiming to produce
. В biological weapons.
Question 45: We are thinking of going to Denmark for our holidays but we have not
A decided for certainty yet.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions, Question 46: If the prices had not gone up too much, the couple could, perhaps, have afforded a new car.
A. Had the prices not gone up too much, the couple could have afforded a new car. B. The prices did not go up too much, so the couple could afford a new car. C. The couple managed to afford a new car even though the prices went up. D. High as the prices were, the couple afforded a new car in the end.
Question 47: She now regrets that she did not study hard at school.
A. Only by studying harder at school does she not regret now. B. Although she did not study hard at school, she regrets now. C. If only she had studied hard at school, then she doesn’t regret now.
D. No matter how hard she studied at school, she regrets now. Question 48: “Wear this bulletproof vest before going out!”, said the policeman.
A. The policeman threatened me to wear that bulletproof vest before going out. B. The policeman begged me to wear that bulletproof vest before going out. C. The policeman warned me against wearing that bulletproof vest before going out. D. The policeman warned me to wear that bulletproof vest before going out.”
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 49: Brian studied until late last night. As a result, he did very well on today’s English test.
A. Brian did very well on today’s English test although he studied until late last night. B. Brian studied until late last night, which made him do very well on today’s English test C. The later Brian studied last night, the better he did on today’s English test. D. Not only did Brian study until late last night but he also did very well on today’s
English test Question 50: When writing, an author should consider not only his topic but also his audience.
A. An author should consider either his topic or his audience when writing. B. Both the topic and the audience are considered when an author is writing. C. When an author writes, both the topic and the audience should be taken into consideration. D. By taking the topic and the audience into consideration, an author writes.
2.A 12. A 22.B 32. C 42. D 2.C 12. D 22. A 32. D 42. A 2.D 12. D 22. C 32.A 42. C 2. B 12.A 22. A 32. D 42. A 2. B 12.B 22. A 32. B 42. C 2. B 12.A 22.B 32. D 42. D 2.A 12. B 22.C 32.A 42. A 2. 12.A 22.C 32. C 42. D