Bộ đề thi tốt nghiệp lớp 12 môn Tiếng Anh-Practice Test 25

Đáp án

Nguồn website dethi123.com

Time allotted: 60 min. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 1. A. mortar B. altar Conectar D. guitar 2. A. fasten B. retain C. alternative D. domestic Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. 3. A. event B. resolve C. emblem D. design 4. A. biological B. presupposition C. infrastructural D. cosmopolitan Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 5. Rapid increase in population in cities with inadequate houses resulted in the growth of squatter areas_ _diseases and crimes are common. A. when B. where C. whether D. which Bill Bruno has been very successful with his films. Everyone begins to think of him as a A. superman B. supervisor C. superhero D. superstar 7. When I reached the fifth floor, I felt as though I Mt. Everest instead of just four flights of stairs. A. was climbing B. have climbed C. had climbed D. would have climbed The student who had torn one page of the class register was severely punished for his A. discourtesy B. wrongdoing C. misunderstanding D. disrespect undergraduate programs, American universities also offer graduate and professional courses. A. Even though B. Moreover C. Besides D. What’s more 10. “Could I to see the manager again?” A. make an offer B. do something C. do the honours D. make an appointment 11. It is essential that the government _money to everybody w ho does not have enough for day-to-day expenses. A. give B. is giving C. gave D. would give 12. Even though the Lantern Festival, on the 15th day of the first month on the lunar calendar, had passed, the Lantern Festival celebrations continued until March 10. A. being celebrating B. was celebrated C. celebrated D. celebrating 13. It was difficult to a date which was convenient for everyone. A. organize B. arrange C. make D. provide 14. George complained that no one invited him to any social events and that he felt very A. turned down B. left out C. omitted out D. gone off 15. Our confidence in the team has been seriously by their recent defeats. A. loosened B. weakened C. challenged D. undermined 16. Now considered an art form, quilt-making originated as a means of fashioning bed covers from bits of fabric that otherwise A. not use B. were no use C. had no use D. it was not used 17. Some people claim that the new transport policy has been a success. it has been a total disaster. A. In fact B. With time C. At first D. On purpose 18. The term “belles-lettres” is used to denote literary forms that coniain such as drama, poetry, essays, and novels. A. artistic, creative writing B. writing that artistic, creative C. artistic, creative, and writing D. them is artistic, creative writing 19. It seems to me that the internet is a powerful tool that presents an opportunity for the advancement of the and application of knowledge. A. acquisition B. research C. obtainment D. requirement Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 20. Before women’s rights were extended, women used to suffering from men’s A dominance and pride. 21. Beethoven went through the adversity of being deaf before he became one of the А greatest composers of all times. 22. If you examine or discuss something in details, you do it thoroughly and carefully. A B C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, 23. – “When I was in England, I found out that you need to push to get yourself onto the train, otherwise you’ll just wait there forever. But here, that would be rude.” – “Haha, when in Rome, do as the Romans do.” A. habits will vary from person to person B. popular practice is the best C. the best culture is the most powerful D. local customs should be followed 24. I’ve printed my business plan and put it in this folder. Have a read and tell me if you think it’s got legs. A. it will move fast B. someone already did it C. to be certain of success D. seems like it can be successful Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 25. The problems in this neighborhood need to be sorted out before things get worse. A. solved completely B. given an explanation for C. left undone D. made an accurate prediction of 26. – “Why do you suddenly have so much energy?” – “I’m hyped up on life. Isn’t life great? Let’s go for a run!” A. to be very excited about B. to be disappointed with C. to be amused at D. to be really eager for Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. 27. Complete the telephone conversation between a hotel receptionist and a client. – Receptionist: “Hello, the Grand Royal Hotel. Sarah Brown speaking, what can I do for you?” – Client: “ » A. Hello, my name’s Peter, calling from Microsoft. B. Can I have your name, please? C. Would you like to leave a message? D. I’ll put you through. Hold the line, please. 28. Two people are talking with each other about their jobs. – A: “I’m a mechanic; I work in a garage on Oxford Street.” – B: “A mechanic? » A. You must do a lot of work and get very dirty. B. What do you do for a living? C. Thanks for the chat. I have to get back to work now. D. What sort of job do you have? Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions, 29. “Are you willing to travel?” the interviewer asked her. A. The interviewer asked her whether she is willing to travel. B. The interviewer asked her whether she was willing to travel. C. The interviewer asked her whether is she willing to travel. D. The interviewer asked her whether was she willing to travel. 30. Last year we went to Mexico for the first time. A. It was last year which we first went to Mexico. B. We had never gone to Mexico before last year. C. Last year is the first time we have gone to Mexico. D. Last year was the first time we had gone to Mexico. 31. These new proposals would allow more people to buy their own homes. A. More people are allowed by these new proposals to buy their homes. B. According to these new proposals, more people can buy their own homes. C. Allowed by these new proposals, more people can buy their own homes. D. To be allowed to buy their new homes, more people expect new proposals. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions, 32. The people sitting next to me on the plane were very nervous. They hadn’t flown before. A. If they had flown before, the people sitting next to me on the plane wouldn’t have been so nervous. B. The people sitting next to me on the plane hadn’t flown before: otherwise, they hadn’t been nervous. C. The people sitting next to me on the plane were very nervous as if they hadn’t flown before. D. Being very nervous, the people sitting next to me on the plane said they hadn’t flown before. 33. I invited Rachel to the party, but she couldn’t come. She’d arranged to do something else. A. If Rachel hadn’t arranged to do something else, she would come to my party as invited. B. Rachel would have come to my party, unless she hadn’t arranged to do something else. C. Without having arranged to do something else, Rachel would have come to my party as invited. D. If it had not been for her arrangement for something else. Rachel would come to my party as invited. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks. Common methods of deforestation are burning trees and clear cutting. These tactics leave the land completely barren and are controversial practices. Clear cutting is when large swaths of land are cut (34) all at once. A forestry expert quoted by the Natural Resources Defense Council describes clear cutting as “an ecological trauma that has no precedent in nature (35) for a major volcanic eruption.” Burning can be done quickly, in vast swaths of land, or more slowly with the slash-and-burn technique. Slash-and-burn agriculture entails cutting down a patch of trees, (36)_ _them and growing crops on the land. The ash from the (37) trees provides some nourishment for the (38)_ _and the land is weed-free from the burning. When the soil becomes less nourishing and weeds begin to reappear over years of use, the farmers move on to a new patch of land and begin the process again. (Source: https://www livescience.com) 34. A. off B. away C. down D. out 35. A. apart B. but C. other D. except 36. A. burn B. burning C. burned D. burns 37. A. burn B. burning C. burned D. burns 38. A. plants B. plantation C. vegetables D. vegetation S Move a ne Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. College is a new and different experience for me. I’m away from home, so I have many things to adjust to. Being on my own, talking with friendly people, and having Fridays off – these are just some things I like about college. Living at college, first of all, gives me a sense of responsibility, of being on my own. My parents are not around to say, “No, you’re not going out tonight.” or “Did you finish your homework?” Everything I do has to be my decision, and that gives me the responsibility of handling my own life. During the second week I was at college, I had to go out and look for a bank where I could open an account. Before that I looked in the phone book since I had no clue about any banks around here or where they were located. Someone told me to go to a bank named Continental Federal Savings. And I had to make my own decision – whether to have a checking or saving account and whether or not to get a card. I’m on my own to make my own decisions. I also love to have Fridays off. I wouldn’t be able to deal with five days of classes in a row. I love to sleep in. One Thursday night, my roommates and I went to Georgetown. We got in rather early the next morning, and my roommates and I decided to sleep in, something I couldn’t do in high school. I do like things about college – being on my own and having Fridays off, but this doesn’t mean I don’t think about things at home. Although I like college, I can still get homesick: New York is a pretty good place, too. (Source: http://readingfaster.com) 39. What is the passage mainly about? A. Activities at college B. Responsibilities of being a college student C. Living on one’s own D. A new and different experience of being a college student 40. All of the following are mentioned to show the author’s likes of college EXCEPT A. a sense of being on her own B. having no class on Fridays C. being homesick D. being able to sleep in 41. The example of going to a bank in paragraph 2 shows the author A. has a lot of money B. is very industrious C. wants to draw some money D. has to depend on her own 42. The phrase “had no clue” in paragraph 2 mostly means A. knew nothing B. learned everything C. seized the chance D. took no notice of 43. The author of the passage seems to be proud of A. entering the college B. making her own decisions C. being away from her parents D. opening an account in a famous bank Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions, Sophia is a humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong-based company Hanson Robotics. She has been designed to learn and adapt to human behavior and work with humans, and has been interviewed around the world. In October 2017, she became a Saudi Arabian citizen, the first robot to receive citizenship of a country. According to herself, Sophia was activated on April 19, 2015. She is modeled after actress Audrey Hepburn, and is known for her human-like appearance and behavior compared to previous robotic variants. According to the manufacturer, David Hanson, Sophia has artificial intelligence, visual data processing and facial recognition. Sophia also imitates human gestures and facial expressions and is able to answer certain questions and to make simple conversations on predefined topics (e.g. on the weather). The robot uses voice recognition technology from Alphabet Inc. (parent company of Google) and is designed to get smarter over time. Sophia’s intelligence software is designed by SingularityNET. The AI program analyses conversations and extracts data that allows her to improve responses in the future. It is conceptually similar to the computer program ELIZA, which was one of the first attempts at simulating a human conversation. Hanson designed Sophia to be a suitable companion for the elderly at nursing homes, or to help crowds at large events or parks. He hopes that she can ultimately interact with other humans sufficiently to gain social skills. Sophia has been interviewed in the same manner as a human, striking up conversations with hosts. Some replies have been nonsensical, while others have been impressive, such as lengthy discussions with Charlie Rose on 60 Minutes. In a piece for CNBC, when the interviewer expressed concerns about robot behavior, Sophia joked that he had been reading too much Elon Musk, and watching too many Hollywood movies”. Musk tweeted that Sophia could watch The Godfather and suggested “What’s the worst that could happen?”. On October 11, 2017, Sophia was introduced to the United Nations with a brief conversation with the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Amina J. Mohammed. On October 25, at the Future Investment Summit in Riyadh, she was granted Saudi Arabian citizenship, becoming the first robot ever to have a nationality. This attracted controversy as some commentators wondered if this implied that Sophia could vote or marry, or whether a deliberate system shutdown could be considered murder. Social media users used Sophia’s citizenship to criticize Saudi Arabia’s human rights record. (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_robot) 44. The passage mainly discusses _ A. what electronic life will exist in the future B. how a robot can become an electronic citizen C. a robot who has received citizenship of a country D. a company having made a breakthrough in robotics 45. Which of the following statements is NOT true about Sophia according to the passage? A. Sophia can detect human gestures and facial expressions. B. Sophia can speak all languages with any accent as programed. C. Sophia can talk about the topics she has been programed to. D. Sophia can respond impressively in conversations with humans. 46. According to the passage, all of the following statements are true EXCEPT A. Google has been a part of Alphabet Incorporation B. ELIZA could not simulate human conversations C. Sophia was intended to work at nursing homes D. Sophia can make jokes when talking with humans 47. The word “piece” in paragraph 4 mostly means_ A. article B. argument C. interview D. lecture 48. The word “granted” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to A. entitled B. prompted C. activated D. noted 49. The word “this” in the last paragraph refers to A. the fact that Sophia was granted citizenship B. the nationality a robot has gained after being activated C. the controversy among commentators about Sophia’s citizenship D. the Future Investment Summit granting Sophia citizenship 50. The passage following this passage would be mostly about A. how social media users criticize Saudi Arabia’s human rights record B. how Sophia faces with controversy over her newly granted citizenship C. worries about the future of human and electronic citizens living together D. concerns that countries are showing towards the future electronic lifestyle Đáp án 4. B 14. B 24. D 34.C 44. 5.B 15. D 25.C 35. D 45. B 6.D 16. 26. B 3 6. B 46. B 7.0 17. A. 27. A. 37.C 47.C 8.B 18. A 28. A 38. A 48. A 9.C 19 A 29. B 39. D 49. A 10.D 20.C 30. B 40. C 50. B