Bộ đề thi tốt nghiệp lớp 12 môn Tiếng Anh-Practice Test 22

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Time allotted: 60 min. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 1. A. orator B. plenty C. mutual D. system 2. A. material B. crucial C. partial D. provincial Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions, 3. A. police B. section C. tractor D. outing 4. A. discontinue B. presidential C. supplementary D. passionately Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 5. If a doctor treats a patient with high blood pressure, he blood pressure levels before, during and after treatment. A. records B. is recording C. would record D. recorded 6. The house that we used to live in is now in a very state. A. neglectful B. negligible C. neglected D. negligent 7. Jake was really angry at Bob; however, he really didn’t mean to damage his car. He ran into it A. on purpose B. by accident C. in a hurry D. at a glance 8. Don’t go too far into the sea, children, or the waves will you off your feet. A. flow B. run C. jump D. sweep 9. Reading newspapers every day can keep me the development of the society. A. in B. on to C. up with D. from 10. The finance minister has not been so since he raised taxes to such a high level. A. well-known B. favorable C. preferable D. popular 11. The senior librarian at the circulation desk promised to get the book for me she could remember who last borrowed it. A. ever since B. much as C. even though D. if only 12. In movies, you’ll see characters driving a particular brand of car, or eating a popular snack food, because the of the products paid to be in the film. A. manufacturers B. machineries C. masters D. managers 13. The rapid increase in population in major cities in the world has __social and environmental problems. A. brought about B. got back C. made up D. come about 14. Living in the northern highlands has its problems, obtaining fresh water is not the least. A. for which B. by which C. which D. of which 15. It was by the railways board that the cost of rail fares would be increased by ten percent. A. noticed B. stated C. noted D. spoken 16. I work hard every day, so I need a change in the evening. Going to the cinema with friends is a great way to A. rest B. relax C. enjoy D. loosen 17. Although he was not my proposals, the managing director admitted that there was need for improvement. A. in favour of B. in comparison with C. in the mood for D. in exchange for 18. An explosion is really a sudden increase in volume A. rapid burning causes it B. and caused by rapid burning C. caused by rapid burning D. causing its burning to be rapid 19. As the disease progressed, the patient lost the ability to his movements. A. combine B. coordinate C. collaborate D. cowork Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions, 20. The museum displays artworks using interactional installations and А multimedia D 21. Jason is the most rational person I have met: he always keeps his coolness under any circumstances. 22. The student has read a book about the hypothesis of Mendel which suggest the law of dominance. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, 23. – “Why are all dictators so bad? I wouldn’t be bad if I was an absolute ruler.” – “They probably start out good … but power corrupts.” A, no one is honest to powerful people B. leaders often age quickly C. power often makes people become bad D. only good people should have power 24. – “Are you going to prepare for your job interview?” – “No, because I don’t know what they’re going to ask me. I’ll just play it by ear.”? A. to plan well for B. to be careful about C. to listen to others saying D. to not plan beforehand Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, 25. – “He sings better than anyone I’ve ever heard.” – “Yeah, I know, he’s really something else.” A. terrible or bad B. unique C. in the wrong field D. common 26. “On the train, there was a fight and the police came. I feel a bit rattled.” A. to get shocked B. to feel happy C. to keep wondering D. to keep calm Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. 27. Two friends are talking about their schoolwork. – Jennifer: “I’m giving a presentation on global warming on Friday, and I’m so nervous.” – Mari: – A. There’re a lot of things you can do to make you feel more confident. B. You should think about how to effectively present the subject matter. C. It is easier to convince the audience and to hold their attention with actual data. D. In order for you to succeed, you need to keep the audience interested and involved 28. Two students are talking about an upcoming test. – Marv: “The sociology test seems to be very difficult. I’m still not confident about my performance this Friday. I’ve gone through all the materials, though!” . – Alexis: “ P . A. You’ve read all the materials, it’s OK for you. B. I’ve read all the chapters, but I haven’t studied the notes from the lectures. C. That’s correct! You’re doing really well too. Mary! D. I don’t think that is your problem. It’s probably a case of anxiety. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions, 29. “Do you have a driving license?” the interviewer asked Tom. A. The interviewer said that Tom had a driving license. B. The interviewer wanted to know if Tom had a driving license. C. The interviewer asked Tom to have a driving license. D. The interviewer wanted Tom to have a driving license. 30. Our trip was cancelled because the weather was so bad. A. The bad weather cancelled our trip. B. The bad weather made us cancel our trip. C. We cancelled our trip for the bad weather. D. The bad weather made our trip cancelled. 31. There was an accident last night, but fortunately nobody was injured. A. There was an accident last night but nobody was fortunately injured. B. Everyone was lucky not to be injured in an accident last night. C. It’s really a bit of luck that nobody was injured in an accident last night. D. Fortunately nobody had been injured in an accident last night. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 32. I never received the letter. It was sent to the wrong address. A. I never received the letter because it was sent to the wrong address. B. Sent to the wrong address, I never received the letter. C. Sending it to the wrong address, I never received the letter. D. Since it was sent to the wrong address, I have never received the letter. 33. The article accurately reflects popular opinion. It’s what the majority of people think. A. The majority of people think about what popular opinion the article accurately reflects. B. That the article accurately reflects popular opinion is what the majority of people think. C. The article accurately reflects popular opinion, of which the majority of people think. D. Accurately reflecting popular opinion, the article is what the majority of people think. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks. If you want to volunteer to help boost your career, think carefully about the skills and experience you need. Don’t be afraid to be upfront about this when you apply (34)_ opportunities – as long as you are willing to show commitment to your voluntary work, most organisations will welcome the fact that it could have benefits for you. Volunteering can give you a broad (35) __ of learning opportunities: many volunteer placements will allow you to study and develop your “key skills”, (36)__ skills you need to get on in the workplace. in learning and in life • some volunteers receive vocational training in (37) areas such as social care, working with the elderly, or working with children • some roles require specific training such as volunteering as a special constable with your local police force The organisation you work for usually covers your training costs and expenses in (38) for your time and commitment. (Source: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk) 34. A. for B. to C. in D. on 35. A. variety B. range C. series D. sequences 36. A. this B. that C. the D. all 37. A. specialize B. specializing C. specialist D. specialization 38. A. return B. exchange C. accordance D. congruence Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. The UK has a vast variety of higher education opportunities to offer students with over 100 universities offering various degree programs for students from the UK and around the world. In the UK about one-third of all students go on to some form of higher education and this number is well over 50% for students from Scotland. This makes competition for places very fierce and so it is advised to apply early for courses. In the UK most undergraduate degree programs take three years to finish; however, the “sandwich course” is increasing in popularity, which is four years and involves one year in the workplace (normally in your third year). In Scotland, the courses are four years in length for undergraduate programs. For graduate or masters programs, they are generally shorter in length and undertaken after graduation of your undergraduate program. Some professional degrees like medicine, veterinary, law, etc. have longer programs that can be as much as five years. From 2007, universities in the UK are allowed to charge students from the UK up to £3,070 per year (depending on the school and location). For students from the EU, you will also only have the pay the same fees as studenis from the UK, but international students from the rest of the world will have to pay the full school fees which will vary depending on the school. These fees for international students can range anywhere from £4,000 per year right up to £18,000 per year or more. Choosing the right school is dependent on a large number of factors such as: • Location of the school? How much it costs? Size of the school? Access to home comforts? Place of worship, home foods? Courses available? (Source: https://www.internationalstudent.com/study_uk) 39. What can be the best title for the passage? A. UK Education in Comparison with the Scotland’s B. UK Higher Education System: Facts and Figures C. UK Higher Education System: A Brief Overview D. UK Tertiary Schools: Freedom of Choice 40. The word “fierce” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to A. aggressive B. competitive C. challenging D. intense 41. The word “which” in paragraph 2 refers to A. popularity B. sandwich course C. degree programs D. the “sandwich course” is increasing in popularity VI aco 42. Which of the following is mostly likely the reason why sandwich courses are increasingly popular? A. The courses are shorter, helping international students save money. B. The courses help students gain practical work experience upon graduation. C. The courses are more affordable because students can earn their living. D. The students can do apprenticeship for their career in another country. 43. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. It takes about eight years for a student of medicine to complete a professional degree. B. A student from German has to pay £12,000 for his three-year course at a UK university. C. School fees for international students at UK universities vary only according to school location. alf of the students at UK universities are always those from Scotland as stated by laws. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions, Hamams, or bath houses, are a traditional part of Turkish culture. They represent an important piece of Turkey’s long history and serve as a window into the past. However, these bath houses are quickly disappearing because of the changing habits of the Turkish people. Hamams hold a strong place in the history of Turkey and many date back hundreds of years. Traditionally, all kinds of people went to hamams because Islam has strict laws for cleanliness. Believers must wash themselves regularly, particularly before their daily prayers. As most people in Turkey didn’t have access to running water in their homes, the hamam was the perfect to get clean, relax, and catch up with friends. Today, however, the tradition of going to the hamam is quickly dying out for many young people. Now almost everyone has running water in their bathrooms, so they prefer to bathe at home. As a result, Turkish people are not going to hamams as often as they used to. These days, instead of relying on locals, many hamams are trying to attract foreign tourists. Some of the best hamams in Turkey are located in Istanbul, the country’s largest city. The Cağaloğlu hamam is a great example. It was a gift to the people from the Sultan in 1741 and is one of the last old hamams to be built during the Ottoman Empire. Many visitors are impressed by the high domed ceilings, marble floors, and marble walls used throughout. A typical session at a hamam can last well over an hour. Visitors will be welcomed into camekan, or entrance hall. There they will be able to relax with friends and chat over a cup of tea. They will also be able to change into the customary pestemal, or Turkish towel, which wraps around the waist like a skirt. When ready, visitors will head into the hararet, or hot room. There they will lie on the hot floor and be scrubbed clean and massaged by one of the in-house masseurs or masseuses. Men and women always bathe separately, but their experiences are very similar. Although many hamams are in danger of closing, they will always remain a part of Turkish culture. An experience in one of Istanbul’s famous bath houses is not to be missed on any visit to Turkey. It will certainly leave you refreshed, relaxed, and squeaky clean for your next adventure. (Source: Reading Planet) 44. What can be the best title for the passage? A. The Traditional Baths of Turkey B. The Custom of Bathing C. The Famous Turkish Bath Houses D. The Restoration of an Old Hamam 45. According to the passage, why are hamams disappearing? A. They are too old to be preserved. B. The number of foreign tourists is decreasing. C. They are closing their doors to visitors. D. The habits of the Turkish people are changing. 46. According to the passage, why were hamams important places for Islamic people? A. They would pray at hamams before bathing. B. They had to wash themselves before their daily prayers. C. They met with other followers at hamams for social chatting. D. They could relax there before their prayers every day. 47. The phrase “dying out in paragraph 3 mostly means A. worsening B. disappearing C. lessening D. submerging 48. According to the passage, there are some of the best hamams located in A. Istanbul B. Sultan C. Cağaloğlu D. largest cities in Turkey 49. Which of the following is true about hamams? A. A typical session at a hamam can last no more than 60 minutes. B. Traditionally, only men went to hamams as they were considered noble. C. Many young locals still like going to hamams to preserve the tradition. D. At hamams, visitors will be massaged by masseurs or masseuses. 50. Which of the following is NOT true about hamams? A. The Cağaloğlu hamam has floors and walls made of marble. B. People change into Turkish towels at a hamam. C. Hamams will soon stop serving foreign visitors to Turkey. D. People relax with friends and chat over a cup of tea before bathing. Đáp án 4.D 14. D 24. D 34. A 44. A 5.A 15.B 25. D 35. B 45. D 6. C 16. B 26. D 36. 46. B 7.B 17. A 27. A 37. 47. B 8.D 1 8.C 28.D 38. B 48. A 9.C 19.B 29. B 39 C 49 D 10. D 20.C 30.D 40. D 50.C