Bộ đề thi tốt nghiệp lớp 12 môn Tiếng Anh-Practice Test 16

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Time allotted: 60 min. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions, 1. A. picked B. mapped C. wicked D. tossed 2. A. security B. circulation C. duration D. population Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. 3. A. wastepaper B. elastic C. defective D. deposit 4. A. equality B. available C. biography D. manufacture Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions, 5. The engineers are going through with their highway project, the expenses have risen. A. even though B. just because C. now that D. as though 6. It seems that the world record for this event is almost impossible to A. meet B. compare C. balance D. beat 7. Although it might snow tomorrow, it is highly A. alike B. unlike C. liking D. unlikely 8. that he passes all his exams first time, he’ll be qualified in under four years. A. Considering B. Hoping C. Assuming D. Speculating 9. We were unable to reach an agreement because of the between the two groups. A. contact B. concern C. connection D. conflict 10. Engineers worked throughout the night to electricity to homes whose supplies had been cut off by heavy snow. A. replace B. fix C. restore D. renew 11. Circus tigers, although they have been tamed, can attack their trainer. A. unexpectedly B. deliberately C. reluctantly D. subsequently 12. Unless the Prime Minister heeds the warning, inflation will rise rapidly. A. a B. an C. the D. ? 13. At the South Pole , the coldest and most desolate region on Earth. A. Antarctica lies where B. lies Antarctica C. Antarctica lies and D. where Antarctica lies 14. Because of rapid technological progress, the computers being made today will be ___ in five years’ time. A. outdone B. obsolete C. retired D. extinct 15. Orangutans are chiefly vegetarian, and their diet consists mostly of fruit and leaves from the trees, although their carnivorous tendencies extend to the occasional insect. A. should B. may C. ought to D. need 16. Sara said she ___golf so that she could meet more interesting people. A. came on B. did up C. took up D. turned down 17. Some architects say that windows defining the character of a house. A. go a long way towards B. come from far to C. do a good job of D. make allowance for 18. , but they didn’t leave a message. A. Someone plioned while you were out B. No one phoned while you were out C. He was phoning while you were out D. While you were out everyone was phoning 19. This virus is unlike the seasonal flu because there is currently no vaccine or herd A. resistance B. defence C. resilience D.immunity Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 20. This property is owned communally row, so everyone must take care of it. A. kept by one member B. used by everyone C. shared by roommates D). Saved one by one 21. The computer will go off automatically if you are not using it. A. sleep B. reset C. stop D. restart Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in ineaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, 22. She followed him like a submissive child. A. easy to understand B. uneasy to submit C. reluctant to obey D. able to think 23. “I took it for granted that I would find a good job after university, so I didn’t try hard to build an impressive resume. Now. I’ve realized how hard it can be.” A. to assume (it) would be that way B. to rely on luck C. to understand something well D. to make a mistake Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. 24. – Peter: “Will you be able to come to the conference?” – Henry: ” A. Of course, you will. B. I’m afraid not C. I’m sorry not. D. You must be kidding. 25. – Tourist: “Excuse me, where’s Darwin Road. please?” – Harry: ** A. I think you’re right. B. Yes, that’s correct. C. Over there. I think. D. OK, so long. mla erically Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks, For many children living in the United States, especially those who have behaved well all year, the most exciting part of Christmas is the discovery of wrapped packages tucked under the Christmas irce and sweets (26) in stockings hung by the fireplace. Kids are often (27) hat the gifts were left by Santa Claus during his annual nocturnal journey around he world in a sleigh pulled by nine flying reindeers. How have so many people agreed on this story? Whether or not you believe that Santa Claus is a real person who enters every child’s house by way of a chimney to leave presents, 18) legendary figure and the tradition of gift giving can be traced back (29, the Dutch colonists. When this citied in that is no Net Di Cily during ihe 17 century, they brought the legend of Sinterklaas du the custom of learing presents for children od the eve of December 6. From there. such 19″-century literary works is the perm known as The Vight Before Christmas and a mid-20″-century Coca-Cola ad campaign (30) _Sinterklaas from a saintly bishop to ihe white’bearded, red-capped Santa Claus that Americans recognize today. Source: National Geographic Learning) 26. 4, bide B. hiding Chid D. hidden ? 4. Said B told (talker D asker 28. La B an C. the D. ng article 20. A. to B. by C. down D. with 30. 4. adjusted B. transformed C altered D. asap ed Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Fizise, or fake. images are not new. In fact, the earliest fakebots date back 10 the 19th century. A famous example is the image cailed “The Cardiff Giant“. The photo seems to show the discovery of a giant human. It was fake, but some people thought it was real. With computer technology. it is much easier now to make and share fake images. In 2004 another unusual photo spread around the word by email. Like the Cardiff Giant photo, it seemed to show the discovery of a very large human body. The photo usually came with a story under a title such as: “Giant Skeleton Unearthed!” Both the stories and the image were amazirg. But there was a problem – ilone of it was true. The recent giant skeleton photo was the work of a Canadian illustrator. He made it for a digital art contest. The image was really a mix of three different photos. Making the image, says the illustrator, was not difficult. In fact, it took less than an hour and a half to create. So, how is it possible to tell if a photo is real? First, look for a source. Where does the photo come from? Is there a photographer’s name? Look for clues in the photo. Sometimes the direction of light and shadows is wrong. Is anything in the photo too big or too small, or is anything missing? (Source: National Geographic Learning) 31. The best title of the passage can be A. Fake or Real? B. Fake photos C. The Cardiff Giant D. Giant Skeleton Unearthed 32. The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to A. computer technology B. The Cardiff Giant C. image D. to make and share fake images 33. According to the passage, “The Cardiff Giant” and “Giant Skeleton Unearthed!” both show A. a very large human body B. a monster C. a magic human being D. a wizard 34. The word “clues” in paragraph 4 almost means A. images B. effects C. hints D. withdrawals 35. According to the passage, which of the following is true about fake photos? A. The most common fake photos are about giant humans. B. It is not difficult to make a fake photo. C. Fake photos are always created by illustrators. D. A fake photo is a mix of many photos. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. What unusual or unique biological traits led to the remarkable diversification and unchallenged success of the ants for ever 50 million years? The answer appears to be that they were the first group of predatory eusocial insects that both lived and foraged primarily in the soil and in rotting vegetation on the ground. Eusocial refers to a form of insect society characterized by specialization of tasks and cooperative care of the young; it is rare among insects. Richly organized colonies of the land made possible by eusociality enjoy several key advantages over solitary individuals. Under most circumstances groups of workers are better able to forage for food and defend the nest, because they can switch from individual to group response and back again swiftly and according to need. When a food object or nest intruder is too large for one individual to handle, nestmates can be quickly assembled by alarm or recruitment signals. Equally important is the fact that the execution of multiple-step tasks is accomplished in a series-parallel sequence. That is, individual ants can specialize in particular steps, moving from one object (such as a larva to be fed) to another (a second larva to be fed). They do not need to carry each task to completion from start to finish – for example, to check the larva first, then collect the food, then feed the larva. Hence, if each link in the chain has many workers in attendance, a sense directed at any particular object is less likely to fail. Moreover, ants specializing in particular labor categories typically constitute a caste specialized by age or body form or both. There has been some documentation of the superiority in performa net energetic yield of various castes for their modal tasks, although careful experimental studies are still relatively few. What makes ants unusual in the company of eusocial insects is the fact that they are the only eusocial predators (predators are animals that capture and feed on other animals) occupying the soil and ground litter. The eusocial termites live in the same places as ants and also have wingless workers, but they feed almost exclusively on dead vegetation. (Source: TOEFL Reading) 36. Which of the following questions does the passage primarily answer? A. How do individual ants adapt to specialized tasks? B. What are the differences between social and solitary insects? C. Why are ants predators? D. Why have ants been able to thrive for such a long time? 37. The word “unique” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to A. inherited B. habitual C. singular D. natural 38. The word “rotting” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to A. decaying B. collected C. expanding D. cultivated 39. According to the passage, one thing eusocial insects can do is rapidly switch from A. one type of food consumption to another B. one environment to another C. a solitary task to a group task D. a defensive to an offensive stance 40. The task of feeding larvae is mentioned in the passage to demonstrate A. the advantages of specialization B. the type of food that larvae are fed C. the ways ant colonies train their young for adult tasks D. the different stages of ant development 41. All of the following terms are defined in the passage EXCEPT A. eusocial B. series-parallel sequence C. caste D. predators 42. It can be inferred from the passage that one main difference between termites and ants is that termites A. live above ground B. are eusocial C. protect their nests D. eat almost no animal substances Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 43. Tony had such little money that he couldn’t buy a train ticket. Α. 14. It is common knowledge that the Earth is one of the eight planets to orbit В the sun. 45. Students normally take their final exams in the end of each semester. A B C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 46. Everyone was surprised that the singer had very little money when he died. A. That the singer had very little money when he died was surprised to everyone. B. The singer had very little money when he died, which was a surprise to everyone. C. It came as no surprise to everyone that the singer had very little money when he died. D. It is surprising to everyone that the singer had very little money when he died. 47. She gets the job because she is qualified enough. A. But for her job, she wouldn’t be qualified enough. B. Were she qualified enough, she could get the job. C. She couldn’t get the job unless she were qualified enough. D. Had she been qualified enough, she couldn’t have been able to get the job. 48. Lucy thought the woman in front of her was her aunt. A. Lucy took up the woman in front of her as her aunt. B. It was believed that Lucy’s aunt was sitting in front of her. C. The woman sitting in front of Lucy can`t have been her aunt. D. Lucy took the woman in front of her for her aunt. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 49. I like these trees. I usually sit under their big branches to review the lessons. A. I like these trees, which I usually sit under to review the lessons. B. I like these trees, under which I usually sit to review the lessons. C. I like these trees, under whose big branches I usually sit to review the lessons. D. I like these trees under the big branches of which I usually sit to review the lessons. 50. What a pity that the TV packed up. We cannot watch the world news now. A. Had the TV not packed up, we could have watched the world news now. B. If the TV had not packed up, we could watch the world news now. C. If the TV didn’t pack up, we could watch the world news now. D. If it hadn’t been for the TV packed up, we could watch the world news now. Đáp án 4.D 14. B 24.B 34.C 44. D 5.A 15.B 25. 35. B 45. 6.D 16. 26. D 36. D 46. B 7.0 17. A 27. B 37.C 47.0 8.0 18. A 28.C 38. A 48. D 9.0 19.D 29.A 39. 49.C 10.C 20. B 30. B 40. A 50. B