Bộ đề thi tốt nghiệp lớp 12 môn Tiếng Anh-Practice Test 14

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Time allotted: 60 min. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions, 1. A. oven B. dove C. cover D. stuve 2. A. credible B. outstanding C. graduate D. destroy Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions, 3. A. position B. fingertip C. regretful D. requirement 4. A. category B. comparative C. dimensional D. emergency Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 5. While formerly a member of the sports club, Mr. Trumps t ennis there regularly. A. is used to playing B. used to play C. was used to play D. used to playing 6. Deborah is going to take extra lessons to _ what she missed while she was away. A. take up with B. cut down on C. put up with D. catch up on 7. He could not have known what was in the letter he had written it himself. A. until B. if only C. unless D. if 8. Although he thought he was helping us prepare the dinner, he was actually the way. A. in B. by C. off D. on 9. The Trumps have confirmed their strong to charity by donating a lump sum of money again. A. compliance B. commitment C. assignment D. reliance 10. The course offers a range of possibilities for developing your skills. A. exciting B. excite C. excited D. excitement 11. The police must now for the escaped convict in the surrounding counties. A. search B. look C. find D. investigate 12. Tax_ deprives the state of several billion dollars a year. A. retention B. desertion C. escapism D. evasion 13. Packs of half-starving wolves were roaming the countryside. A. covering-snow B. covered-snow C. snow-covered D. snow-covering 14. Some scientists say that it is essential that mankind the amount of air pollution in big cities. A. reduce B. reduced C. be reduced D. will reduce 15. Sue is a(n) business consultant; companies hire her to solve particular problems they are facing. A. available B. unoccupied C. freelance D. free 16. had engineers begun analyzing data when new discoveries rendered their working model obsolete. A. Hardly B. Merely C. Only D. Fairly 17. It’s not in my nature to over the price of something. A. transact B. discuss C. challenge D. haggle 18. when a person doesn’t eat enough fruit and vegetables. A. Depleting gradually, potassium can occur B. Gradual potassium depletion can occur C. As potassium can gradually be depleted D. Since gradually depleting potassium can occur 19. While Barrack Hussen Obama was in his American presidency, Joe Biden as the Vice President of the State. A. was serving B. had served C. had been served D. had been serving Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, 20. Parker’s children depend on him to drive them to school. A. help B. need C. warn D. suggest 21. The experimented vaccine seems to have both desirable and detrimental effects on the subjects’ immune system. A. beneficial B. harmful C. needy D. neutral Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, 22. The staff were worried that the new marketing scheme would fail. A. pass B. succeed C. promise D. fall 23. Though the issues raised by the workers were very serious, the supervisor made light of them. A. completely ignored B. treated as important C. discovered by chance D. disagreed with Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. 24. – Jack: “ » – John: “My girlfriend broke up with me.” A. What’s wrong with you? B. What did you do? C. What was the weather like? D. How were your exanı results? 25. – Jane: “Robots will replace humans in a very near future.” – Helen: “ A. Congratulations! B. I don’t quite agree. C. That was terrible. D. You are welcome. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks. In the early 1990s, the psychologist K. Anders Ericsson and two colleagues installed themselves at Berlin’s elite Academy of Music. With the help of the academy’s professors, they (26) the school’s violinists into three groups. First were the students with the (27) to become world-class soloists. Second were those judged to be merely ‘good’. Third were the students (28)_ ever to play professionally and who intended to be music teachers in schools. All were then asked how many hours they had practiced since they first picked up a violin. Everyone, from all three groups, had started playing at roughly the age of five and practiced for two or three hours a week. But around the age of eight, differences started to emerge. The students who would (29) best in their class began to practice more than everyone else, until by the age of 20 they were practicing well over 30 hours a week. By (30) , the elite performers had all totaled 10000 hours of practice over the course of their lives, the merely good students 8000 hours and the future music teachers just over 4000 hours. (Source: Macmillan Exams, Roy Norris, Ready for Advanced, 3rd Edition) 26. A. parted B. shared C. divided D. broke 27. A. promise B. potential C. prodigy D. power 28. A. improbable B. doubtful C. unlikely D. unsure 29. A. come out B. close off C. result in D. end up 30. A. far B. so C. which D. then Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. In Britain, the Cabinet is a committee responsible for deciding government policy and for coordinating the work of government departments. It consists of about 20 ministers chosen by the Prime Minister and meets for a few hours each week at Downing Street. Its members are bound by oath not to talk about the meetings. Reports are sent to government departments, but these give only summaries of the topics discussed and decisions taken. They do not mention who agreed or disagreed. The principle of collective responsibility means that the Cabinet acts unanimously (= all together), even if some ministers do not agree. When a policy has been decided, each minister is expected to support it publicly or resign. In recent years, prime ministers have changed the members of their Cabinet quite often in Cabinet reshuffles. Some members are dropped, new ones are brought in, and the rest are given new departmental responsibilities. The leader of the main opposition party forms a shadow cabinet or shadow ministers, each with a particular area of responsibility, so that there is a team ready to take over immediately if the party in power should be defeated. Committees are appointed by the Cabinet to examine issues in more detail than the Cabinet has time for. Members of these committees are not necessarily politicians. The Cabinet Office led by the Secretary to the Cabinet, the most senior civil servant in Britain, prepares agendas for Cabinet meetings and committees. (Source: Background to British and American Cultures) 31. What is the passage mainly about? A. the British Cabinet B. how the Cabinet is formed C. British government policies D. the work of British government 32. The word “these” in paragraph 1 refers to A. departments B. reports C. meetings D. members 33. The word “collective” in paragraph 1 almost means A. individual B. mutual C. mixed D. common 34. It can be inferred that any minister who does not support a government’s policy has to A. recommend a new one B. make his/her voice heard C. resign from his/her post D. persuade others to change 35. Which of the following is true about the committees that examine issues in detail? A. These committees are led by the Prime Minister. B. These committees are made up of the most popular politicians. C. Each member of these committees is in charge of a particular area. D. Members of these committees may be university professors. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Picture a typical MBA lecture theatre twenty years ago. In it the majority of students would have conformed to the standard model of the time: male, middle class and Western. Walk into a class today, however, and you’ll get a completely different impression. For a start, you will now see plenty more women – the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, for example, boasts that 40% of its new enrolment is female, you will also see a wide range of ethnic groups and nationals of practically every country. It might be tempting, therefore, to think that the old barriers have been broken down and equal opportunity achieved. But, increasingly, this apparent diversity is becoming a mask for a new type of conformity. Behind the differences in sex, skin tones and mother tongues, there are common attitudes, expectations and ambitions which risk creating a set of clones among the business leaders of the future. Diversity, it seems, has not helped to address fundamental weaknesses in business leadership. So, what can be done to create more effective managers of the commercial world? According to Valerie Gauthier, associate dean at HEC Paris, the key lies in the process by which MBA programmes recruit their students. At the moment candidates are selected on a fairly narrow set of criteria such as prior academic and career performance, and analytical and problem solving abilities. This is then coupled to a school’s mixture of what a diverse class should look like, with the result that passport, ethnic origin and sex can all become influencing factors. But schools rarely dig down to attitude and approach – arguably the only diversity that, in a business context, really matters. Professor Gauthier believes schools should not just be selecting candidates from traditional sectors such as banking, consultancy and industry. They should also be seeking individuals who have backgrounds in arcas such as political science, the creative arts, history or philosophy, which will allow them to put business decisions into a wider context. Indeed, there does seem to be a demand for the more rounded leaders such diversity might create. A study by Mannaz, a leadership development company, suggests that while the bully-boy chief executive of old may not have been eradicated completely, there is a definite shift in emphasis towaras less tough styles of management – at least in America and Europe. Perhaps most significant, according to Mannaz, is the increasing interest large companies have in more collaborative management models, such as those prevalent in Scandinavia, which seek to integrate the hard and soft aspects of leidership and encourage delegated responsibility and accountability. (Source: www.economist.com) 36. According to paragraph 1, what characterizes the business school’s student population of today? A. greater diversity B. intellectual maturity C. exceptional diligence D. higher ambition 37. The word “conformity” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to A. difference B. similarity C. obedience D. observation 38. What is the author’s concern about current business school education? A. It will arouse students’ unrealistic expectation. B. It will produce business leaders of a uniform style. C. It focuses on theory rather than on practical skills. D. It stresses competition rather than cooperation. 39. What does the word “They” in paragraph 4 refer to? A. schools B. candidates C. individuals D. backgrounds 40. What applicants does the author think MBA programmes should consider recruiting? A. applicants with prior experience in business companies B. applicants with sound knowledge in math and statistics C. applicants from outside the traditional sectors D. applicants from less developed regions and areas 41. The word “prevalent” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to A. common B. rare C. preferred D. legal 42. What does Mannaz say about the current management style? A. It is eradicating the tough aspects of management. B. It encourages male and female executives to work side by side. C. It adopts the bully-boy chief executive model. D. It is shifting towards more collaborative models. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 43. As believed by many, it is difficult times that we know who are sincere to us. А B C D 44. If you paid attention to the lesson yesterday, you could answer my questions now. А В D 45. It is important to bear in mind that love should precede before marriage, not А В follow it. D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 46. Someone accused the man of stealing a precious watch. A. The man is accused of stealing a precious watch B. A precious watch was stolen by the man. en sure C. The man was accused of stealing a precious watch. D. Someone was accused of stealing a precious watch by the man. 47. When did Dave start playing the guitar in the band? A. How long has Dave started playing the guitar in the band? B. How long is it since Dave last played the guitar in the band? C. How long has Dave played the guitar in the band? D. How long has Dave not played the guitar in the band? 48. Mr. Lam stopped to buy a map because he wasn’t sure which way to take. A. Had Mr. Lam stopped to buy a map, he would have been sure which way to take B. If Mr. Lam had been sure which way to take, he wouldn’t have stop buy a map. C. If Mr. Lam were sure which way to take, he wouldn’t stop to buy a map. D. Had Mr. Lam been sure which way to take, he would have stopped to buy a map, Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 49. My pen pal likes Vietnamese people. Vietnamese people are friendly. A. My pen pal likes Vietnamese people because of their friendliness. B. My pen pal likes Vietnamese people when they are friendly. C. Although Vietnamese people are friendly, my pen pal likes them. D. My pen pal likes Vietnamese people despite their friendliness. 50. A small car is more economical. It uses less petrol. A. A car which is small and economical uses less petrol. B. A small car uses less petrol, so it is more economical. C. A small car is more economical if it uses less petrol. D. The smaller the car, the less petrol it uses. Đáp án 4. A 14. A 24. A 34.C 44. A 5.B 15.0 25. B 35. D 45.0 6.D 16.A 26.C 36. A 46.0 7.0 17.D 27.B 37. B. 47.0 8.A 18. B 28. 38. B 48.B 9.1 19. A 29. D 39. A 49. A 10. A 20.B 30. D 40.C 50. B